kitchen design

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kitchen design

 The kitchen is a very utility area in the house, with lots of movements in a small time, today we will see different components of the kitchen, what are the standard size and area required for the furniture and its use, How to take maximum usage of the kitchen and design of the inside and outer kitchen.

Following are the components of the kitchen. 

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1) Cooking platform ( Otta ):- The Material usually use is granite as it is easy to maintain, with no effects on oil and heat. The cooking platform can be supported by angels, bricks, or an aluminum framework. 

kitchen platform work

The height of the Kitchen platform should be  3 feet and the width should be not more than 2 feet.




kitchen platform height

 2) Kitchen Exhaust:- Fan and Chimney both are options for exhaust in the kitchen. But Chimney is more useful, as it keeps the walls neat and the area clean, Much time you might have seen the oil on the fan, however, the electrical cost is the same. Fumes are very harmful, hence it has to get out of the room is very necessary, to select the chimney you have to know the room size and usage. The chimney or fan depends on the fan motor, hence high capacity motor will help to clean the air quickly. if it filters less and auto-cleaning it's very good. 60 cm and 1200 m3/h should be the motor capacity. The noise level should be 56 to 70 bd. An oil collector chamber is also very necessary.




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Some of the chimneys Available in India 

1) GLEN

2) Elica

3) Faber

4) Hindware

5) KAFF

6) Siemens

7) Broan

8) Blow Hot

9) MODA

10) Italy Cute

11) Bosch Serie

12) Mesh Eleganza

13) Sonet

14) Crompton

15) Kraft Italy

16) Hafele

3) Modular Kitchen:-  Now for storage of utensils basket should be balanced with the width. It is very important to keep in mind that modular kitchen depends on the channels hence they should be heavy-duty and should have the capacity to carry a heavy load. Mostly two types of storage are available in the market, ie Wire mesh and the other is tandem basket. both have their benefits and problems. wire mesh is open and utensils get easy dry up and it's very economical, any carpenter can install the wire mesh trolley, whereas tandem basket is premium look by highly costly, and their channel is not exposed which makes them more reliable. Make sure you use 304 Grade of steel in both channel and trolleys. 

following are the type of Channels available in the market.

1) Telescopic channel

2) Soft closing channel

3) Normal Channel 

4) Tenrem channel  

Channel size available in market

1) 10 inch 

2) 12 inch 

3) 15 inch

4) 16 inch

5) 17 inch

6) 18 inch

7) 20 inch 

8) 21 inch 

9) 22 inch 

10) 24 inch

Channel should take the load of 100 lb static load 


Type of Shutter for Kitchen 


1) Membrane:-Kitchen shutters made with membrane refer to a type of kitchen cabinet shutter or door that is constructed using a type of plastic material known as a membrane. This material is often used as an alternative to traditional wood or laminate cabinetry because it is more durable, moisture-resistant, and easy to clean. The process of creating a kitchen shutter made with a membrane typically involves bonding the membrane material to a substrate, such as MDF or particleboard, using a process called thermoforming. This process involves heating the membrane material to a pliable state and then molding it over the substrate to create a smooth, seamless surface. Once the membrane has been bonded to the substrate, the shutter can be cut to size and fitted with hinges, handles, and other hardware as needed. The final product is a durable and moisture-resistant kitchen shutter that is easy to clean and maintain

2) Laminate Shutter for a kitchen refers to a type of kitchen cabinet shutter or door that is constructed using laminate material. Laminate is a type of synthetic material that is made by bonding together layers of paper or fabric that have been impregnated with resin. It is a popular choice for kitchen cabinetry because it is available in a wide variety of colors and patterns, is relatively inexpensive, and is relatively durable and easy to clean. The process of creating a laminate shutter for a kitchen typically involves cutting the laminate material to the appropriate size and shape, and then bonding it to a substrate, such as MDF or particleboard, using a process called lamination. This process involves applying heat and pressure to the laminate material and substrate to bond them together. Once the laminate has been bonded to the substrate, the shutter can be cut to size and fitted with hinges, handles, and other hardware as needed. The final product is a durable and easy-to-clean kitchen shutter that is available in a wide variety of colors and patterns.

3) Acrylic:-Acrylic material is a popular choice for kitchen cupboards because it is a type of plastic that is known for its durability, resistance to scratches and stains, and ease of cleaning. It is also a lightweight material that can be easily molded and shaped, making it a versatile option for kitchen cabinetry. The acrylic material can be used to create a wide variety of kitchen cupboard styles, including glossy finishes, matte finishes, and a variety of colors and patterns. The material can also be used to create a wide variety of different kitchen cupboard designs, including traditional, modern, and contemporary styles. The process of creating kitchen cupboards using acrylic material typically involves cutting the acrylic sheets to the appropriate size and shape and then bonding them together using a process called gluing. Once the acrylic sheets have been bonded together, the cupboards can be cut to size and fitted with hinges, handles, and other hardware as needed.

4) P.U.:-PU (polyurethane) material is a popular choice for kitchen cupboards because it is known for its durability, resistance to scratches and stains, and ease of cleaning. It is also a lightweight material that can be easily molded and shaped, making it a versatile option for kitchen cabinetry. PU material can be used to create a wide variety of kitchen cupboard styles, including glossy finishes, matte finishes, and a variety of colors and patterns. The material can also be used to create a wide variety of different kitchen cupboard designs, including traditional, modern, and contemporary styles. The process of creating kitchen cupboards using PU material typically involves cutting the PU sheets to the appropriate size and shape and then bonding them together using a process called gluing. Once the PU sheets have been bonded together, the cupboards can be cut to size and fitted with hinges, handles, and other hardware as needed. 


Handle for the kitchen:-

There are several types of kitchen handles that can be used for cabinetry, including 

Bar handles: These are long, thin handles that are typically mounted horizontally on the cabinet door or drawer. They are a popular choice for modern or contemporary kitchen designs. 

 Knobs: These are small round or cylindrical handles that are typically mounted on the cabinet door or drawer. They are a popular choice for traditional kitchen designs. 

 Finger pulls: These are small, flush-mounted handles that are typically mounted on the cabinet door or drawer. They are a popular choice for modern or contemporary kitchen designs and can be a good option for those who want a minimalist look. 

 D-pulls: These are D-shaped handles that are typically mounted on the cabinet door or drawer. They are a popular choice for traditional kitchen designs. T-pulls: These are T-shaped handles that are typically mounted on the cabinet door or drawer. They are a popular choice for traditional and modern kitchen designs. 

 Recessed handles: These are flush-mounted handles that are recessed into the cabinet door or drawer. They are a popular choice for modern or contemporary kitchen designs and can be a good option for those who want a minimalist look. 

 Lever handles: These are long handles that are typically mounted vertically on the cabinet door or drawer. They are a popular choice for modern or contemporary kitchen designs. 

 Bail pulls: These are two-piece handles that are typically mounted on the cabinet door or drawer. They are a popular choice for traditional kitchen designs. 

 The best handle for your kitchen will depend on the design and style of your kitchen, as well as your personal preferences. 


Tiles to be used for kitchen 

Kitchen tiles are a popular choice for kitchen floors and backsplashes because they are durable, easy to clean, and come in a wide variety of styles and designs. Some common types of kitchen tiles include 

Ceramic tiles: These are made from clay and are available in a wide range of colors, patterns, and sizes. They are a popular choice for kitchen floors and backsplashes because they are affordable, easy to clean, and can withstand heavy foot traffic. 

 Porcelain tiles: These are made from a type of ceramic that is denser and harder than regular ceramic tiles. They are a popular choice for kitchen floors and backsplashes because they are more durable and resistant to scratches and stains than regular ceramic tiles. 

 Glass tiles: These are made from glass and are available in a wide range of colors, patterns, and sizes. They are a popular choice for kitchen backsplashes because they are easy to clean, and can add a modern and sleek look to the kitchen. 

 Marble tiles: These are made from natural stone and are available in a wide range of colors and patterns. They are a popular choice for kitchen floors and backsplashes because they are durable and can add a touch of luxury to the kitchen. 

 Mosaic tiles: These are small tiles that are arranged in a pattern to create a decorative design. They are available in a wide range of colors and patterns and are a popular choice for kitchen backsplashes and accent walls. 

 Travertine tiles: These are made from a type of limestone and are available in a wide range of colors and patterns. They are a popular choice for kitchen floors and backsplashes because they are durable and can add a rustic look to the kitchen. 

 The best tile for your kitchen will depend on the design and style of your kitchen, as well as your personal preferences and budget. It's important to also consider factors like the kitchen's moisture level, foot traffic, and durability when choosing your kitchen tiles.


Sanitary Fittings for Kitchen

Sanitary fittings are fixtures and appliances that are installed in a kitchen to ensure proper drainage and hygiene. Some examples of sanitary fittings for a kitchen include.

Sink: A sink is a basin that is used for washing dishes, food, and hands. Faucet: A faucet is a valve that controls the flow of water from a sink or other plumbing fixture. 

 Garbage Disposal Unit: A garbage disposal unit is a device that is installed under a sink to grind up food waste and prevent it from clogging the drain. 

 Soap Dispenser: A soap dispenser is a device that holds liquid soap and dispenses it when needed. 

 Dishwasher: A dishwasher is an appliance that automatically washes and dries dishes.

 Drain: A drain is a pipe that carries away wastewater from a sink, shower, or other plumbing fixture. P-trap: A P-trap is a U-shaped pipe that is installed under a sink to prevent sewer gas from entering the building. 

 Vent: A vent is a pipe that allows air to enter the drainage system and prevents a vacuum from forming. 

 Water Filter: Water filters are devices that remove impurities from water and make it safe for drinking and cooking.

 These are some of the basic sanitary fittings that are used in the kitchen, however, the selection of fittings can vary depending on the size and design of the kitchen and the personal preferences of the homeowner.


A kitchen pipeline refers to the system of pipes and fittings that is used to supply water to and drain waste water away from a kitchen. Some key components of a kitchen pipeline include 

Water supply lines: These are the pipes that bring cold and hot water to the kitchen faucets, dishwashers, and other fixtures. 

 Drain pipes: These are the pipes that carry away waste water from the sink, dishwasher, and other fixtures. 

 Vent pipes: These are the pipes that allow air to enter the drainage system and prevent a vacuum from forming. 

 P-trap: A P-trap is a U-shaped pipe that is installed under a sink to prevent sewer gas from entering the building. 

 Shut-off valves: These valves allow you to turn off the water supply to specific fixtures or to the entire kitchen in case of an emergency or repair. Water Filter: Water filters are devices that remove impurities from water and make it safe for drinking and cooking. 

 Pressure-reducing valves: These valves are used to reduce the water pressure in the kitchen pipeline to prevent damage to the fixtures and appliances. 

 Backflow preventer: A device that prevents water from flowing back into the supply line and contaminating the potable water supply. All these components are connected and installed with the help of professional plumbers and are important for the proper functioning and maintenance of the kitchen pipeline.

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